Comparative Archaeology Database, University of Pittsburgh

Upper Daling Region Hongshan Household and Community Dataset
Christian E. Peterson, Lu Xueming, Robert D. Drennan, and Zhu Da

The Upper Daling Hongshan Household and Community Dataset contains the detailed data from intensive surface collection of 5-m squares in three Hongshan period (4500–3000 BCE) residential zones (Dongshanzui, Sanjia, and Erbuchi). The dataset provides the data and describes the field methods used for their collection. Interpretations and conclusions have been presented by Drennan et al. (2017). This dataset is closely related to the Upper Daling Region Settlement Dataset, the Upper Daling Region Hongshan Pottery Production Dataset, and the Fushanzhuang Community Dataset.

Funding to collect the data presented here was provided by National Science Foundation Awards BCS-0849519 and BCS-0849758, National Geographic Society Grant 8623-09, and the American Council of Learned Societies with funding from the Henry Luce Foundation.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. Users of the dataset are requested to credit the source of the information with a bibliographic reference to both the online dataset and the principal published article as follows:
Peterson, Christian E., Lu Xueming, Robert D. Drennan, and Zhu Da (2017) Upper Daling Region Hongshan Household and Community Dataset. Comparative Archaeology Database, University of Pittsburgh. URL: <>.
Drennan, Robert D., Christian E. Peterson, Lu Xueming, and Li Tao (2017) Hongshan Households and Communities in Neolithic Northeastern China. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 47:50-71.

Questions or comments about this dataset or the Comparative Archaeology Database can be directed to via email.

Designed by Alexander J. Martín

This dataset contains four kinds of things: (1) an introduction describing methods; (2) dynamic distributional maps of household assemblage analysis results; (3) a community-scale GIS dataset providing spatial information for all parts of the work; and (4) numeric data on artifacts from individual 5-m intensive collection squares (also provided as aggregated into household units for analysis).


A description of the field methods used to collect the data, of the lab methods used in analysis of the artifacts recovered, of the spatial clustering used to delineate the household units that became the basis of analysis in Drennan et al. (2017), and of the exploratory multivariate analysis that preceded the final published nonmetric multidimensional scalings.


Distributional Maps of Household Assemblage Analysis

These maps present the spatial distributions of the results of analysis of Hongshan household artifact assemblages and related data. There are four separate maps, one for each of the residential zones discussed by Drennan et al. (2017): Dongshanzui, Sanjia, and Erbuchi in the Upper Daling region, and Fushanzhuang in the Chifeng region. The maps are provided for dynamic browsing online.

Distributional maps

Community-scale GIS Dataset

Vector maps are provided as AutoCAD (Release 12) .DXF files which can be read by many CAD and GIS programs. The formats of the spatial data provided in this section were not chosen for simple viewing, but rather for analysis. The coordinate system for all spatial data is UTM Zone 50 North (units are meters) based on the WGS84 datum. The coordinate system thus corresponds to that used in the Upper Daling Region Settlement Datatset.

The GIS dataset includes the following:

Areas where surface artifacts were flagged

Magnetometry grids

5-m squares for intensive surface collection

Household unit boundaries

Locations of platforms

Numeric Data

Numerical data are provided as comma-delimited text files and as spreadsheet files. Files include the following:

Data on 5-m intensive collection squares

Daub fragments

Ceramics data by collection square

Lithics data by collection square

Hongshan ceramics data by household unit

Lithics data by household unit

Ceramics variables used in multivariate analysis

Lithics variables used in multivariate analysis

Additional lithic tool data

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