Comparative Archaeology Database, University of Pittsburgh

Liangcheng Settlement Dataset
Gregory G. Indrisano

This dataset complements the dissertation Subsistence, Environmental Fluctuation and Social Change: A Case Study in South Central Inner Mongolia by Gregory G. Indrisano (available from the University of Pittsburgh's Electronic Theses and Dissertations Database). It provides detailed data on the quantities and location of archaeological remains collected during a systematic survey in the Liangcheng region, south central Inner Mongolia, China.

The dissertation's Table of Contents is as follows:

Funding to collect the data presented here was provided by a National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant (Award No. BCS-0219794) and a Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research Dissertation Fieldwork Grant (Award No. 13438).

Indrisano, Gregory G. (2006) Subsistence, Environmental Fluctuation and Social Change: A Case Study in South Central Inner Mongolia. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh.
Indrisano, Gregory G. (2012) Liangcheng Settlement Dataset. Comparative Archaeology Database, University of Pittsburgh. URL: <>.

Questions or comments about this dataset or the Comparative Archaeology Database can be directed to via email.

Designed by Alexander J. Martín

Spatial Information

Maps are provided as AutoCAD (Release 12) .DXF files which can be read by many CAD and GIS programs. The coordinate system is the UTM-based system utilized in the Chinese government topographic maps that were current at the time the survey was carried out. All coordinates fall in UTM zone 50 north. The coordinate system uses the Beijing 1954 base datum. It thus does not correspond to data based on the WGS84 datum now coming into use as a global standard. Many GIS programs can make conversions between the two systems, but experience in the field shows that local vagaries in coordinate systems can lead to discrepancies in excess of 100 m between data sources, even after "correct" conversion from one base datum to another. The units in all of the maps are kilometers (not meters). All maps were set up as a planar Cartesian system, but the coordinates do correspond to the Beijing 1954 UTM Zone 50.

Survey boundaries Collections: Boundaries for all collection units in both survey zones as well as site and collection unit numbers.
Hydrologic map: location of streams and Daihai Lake. Topographic map: Elevation contour lines for the study area.
Laohushan period occupation map Zhukaigou period occupation map
Warring States period occupation map Han period occupation map
Liao period occupation map Yuan period occupation map

Numeric Data

Numeric data are provided in two file formats. Comma-delimited text files should be easy to import into spreadsheet, database, and statistical programs for manipulation and analysis. Excel spreadsheets are easier to browse, and can also be imported into many programs. The numeric data files are as follows:

Ceramic counts and population estimates: Ceramic sherd counts by period and associated population estimate for each collection.

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