Comparative Archaeology Database  |  Center for Comparative Archaeology  |  University of Pittsburgh

Andean Cranial Trauma Dataset

Elizabeth N. Arkush

This dataset complements the book War, Spectacle, and Politics in the Ancient Andes by Elizabeth N. Arkush published by Cambridge University Press. It provides counts of antemortem and perimortem cranial and facial trauma among adults and subadults throughout the Central Andes derived from a review of published sources. Methods, issues, and the spatial and temporal patterns in the dataset are discussed in detail in the volume, especially in Chapter 2 (Severity and Spectacle: The nature of our evidence).

Arkush, Elizabeth N. (2022) Andean Cranial Trauma Dataset. Comparative Archaeology Database, University of Pittsburgh. URL: <>.

Designed by Faith Ruck

Numeric Data

Numeric data are provided in two file formats. Comma-delimited text files can be imported into spreadsheet, database, and statistical programs for manipulation and analysis. Excel spreadsheets are easier to browse, and can also be imported into many programs. The numeric data files are as follows:

Cranial Trauma Dataset